The HUNGER project by the artist Yona Tukuser is comprised of a series of thematic paintings. The author reveals the tragedy of the immorality and degradation of humanity as after-effects of physical hunger leading to spiritual hunger. Hunger arouses the sleeping atavistic animal instincts in man. Under the influence of hunger people are not able to fight with their own instincts which lead them to an unnatural act in relation to other people. This can be followed throughout the history of mankind from Biblical times to the present day. Yona Tukuser as a Bessarabian Bulgarian born in Ukraine focuses on hunger which affected her compatriots during the general hunger in Ukraine. According to her, these are the some of the most dreadful pages from the history of the 20th century.
The HUNGER project is presented by curator Ionko Ivan, who is also chair of the
Fondation For Image Synthesis. The concept of the Foundation to develop and present projects that make the synthesis between science and art. An art that provokes scientific thought.
Участие на Йона Тукусер във видео-мост по време международна научна конференция "Гладът 1946-1947. г.г. : Исторически, философски, психологически и педагогически аспекти", посветен на 70-годишнината от трагичните събития. Измаилски Държавен Хуманитарен Университет,
18 май, Украйна 2017
"Като куратор на проекта на Йона Тукусер, която има за цел чрез темата на неиното изкуство “Глад“ да обединява хората, за да не се повтарят страданията по света, искам да добавя, че подкрепям всяка научна историческа мисъл за точното изследване на проблема. Нека специалистите да имат куража да бъдат политически некоректни, когато става дума за стенанията на милиони умиращи от глад. Тяхната мъка отеква в съзнанието на съвремието, усилвано от сърцата на младото поколение творци. Екът на глада от миналото ще кънти в душите и за в бъдеще заради силата на съвременното изкуство. То ще подкрепя винаги онези умове, които не се страхуват да кажат истината запечатана в документите. Крещящите факти не могат да пазят тишина пред политици фалшифициращи историята, за да спят на спокойствие. Няма смисъл повече да се крие истината за геноцида на политическите системи спрямо човека.
Живописните картини на Йона нека послужат за кураж на историците да оповестят на човечеството истината за Гладомор в Бессарабия през 1946 - 1947 г.г. Нейната личност на млад творец има мисия в бъдещето да обединява народи, а не да подпалва нови войни заради политически системи които крият тяхната антихуманна същност. Причината за геноцида се крие в комунистическата система на управление, която дава възможност да не се търси индивидуална отговорност за зверствата извършени от режимите. Гладомор е анонимен продукт на системата наречена социализъм, заговорнически, конспиративен експеримент срещу хуманността, саботиращ прогреса, имащ за основа потъпкването на най-важни човешки ценности, право на съществуване, право да притежава елементарни човешки условия на живот (храна, вода, дом, семейство, свободно придвижване, право да бъде информиран, право на работа и условия за труд, свобода на изказване)."
Artistic quality of works, that Yona Tukuser showed in the series 'Hunger', is characterized by bright expression - painfully distorted forms inhabit part of the canvas. Yona Tukuser chooses the right way to impress – drives “sharp nails” in our eyes. Feeling the pain, seeing calamity, only then we become spiritually involved, experience peculiar catharsis. She poses the universal problems of hunger within the frames of the historic event in Bessarabia. She is Interested in the psychology of hunger and what it is able to awaken in the human being. The author presents all those negative aspects of the phenomenon, when she goes beyond physical hunger and changes the thinking, alters the mental status.
We can distinguish three series of works - the earliest created, when she thematically still makes a research, are more narrative. It’s the torn bodies, piled one on another, barely moving with the last remaining soul. They are on the borderline between life and death, they are both spirits and fragile bodies. They have bright color spots in pure color, which correspond and contrast with the complex range of colours in the bodies. They are the horsemen of death, racing in search of victims. In places we see some uncompleteness (like skatch) – as if in line with the spirits in the paintings, the author lives through their last mights.
This is one face of hunger, when it has crushed your spirit completely, you felt into the embrace of death, and you are too weak to make a step forward. These are dark, ugly, tickler bodies, here we are not supposed to look for aesthetic of the beauty. One of the paintings remind mythological story of Saturn, who ate his children. Thus, in a painful way is recreated the history of those mothers, who defeated by hunger, have eaten their own children. But the artist emotionally has felt how - to deal with the problem – she has used the language of expressionism and she has created a personal expressionism, with which to talk about the terrible side of life. Here the issue is psychological – what makes a person fall so low – to eat his or her own child, instead of prefering starvation. What is human in man?
Another part of the works of Yona Tukuser go to clarifying of her artistic language and more colour expression - they act upon us as an abstraction, until we find the detail which together with the coated paint color, forms dead figure of a man. Here we can notice the complex colors, big shock brush, pasty application of the material. These are signs of physical experience in the process of drawing. In the canvas steal desperate cries, as if some element has grabbed the man – element, difficult to explain, invisible, without clear lines - it is more colour with a sense of pain.
The third series of pictures can be defined as documents – black canvas with pictures, white text, just like keeping any statistics. They were born logically – in forming the exhibition – more information is needed as well as historical facts, archives, pictures. Ultimately, after death, the history people remain in the statistics. In these paintings are incorporated photographs, belonging to this time, they act upon people exactly with their conceptual understanding - Tukuser experiences the stories, she gets in touch to, exploring the theme. She draws children from the pictures, but they are now mere shadows of past life.
It is not an accident, that the expressionism arises during the war time, it must reflect those negative crucial years, that inhumanity, pain, hunger. Yona Tukuser creates a neo-expressionism, seeks to build a personal style, characterized by extremely picturesque sense and provocative, terrifying images.
Yona Tukuser’s exhibition is a challenge before her - to create a dark, ominous environment where the main character is Death. Again, each canvas is more than a historical drama, it is touching the minor tones of life.